Main Publications

Tourism and Poverty Alleviation Steps for Destinations 2010 The following reports related to tourism and poverty alleviation have been published:

“Manual on Tourism and Poverty Alleviation: Practical Steps for Destinations” (2010)

The Manual outlines practical steps for tourism destinations to shape and manage tourism in ways which deliver more benefits to disadvantaged individuals and communities. It also proposes the establishment of a tourism strategy and action plan, based on the analysis of the current contribution of tourism to the poor, which embraces poverty concerns. It was published in 2010 in collaboration with the Netherlands Development Organization (SNV).

“Poverty Alleviation through Tourism: A Compilation of Good Practices” (2006)

The fourth volume in this series was published in 2006 and it takes a detailed look at clear examples of public and private tourism development projects, systems and methodologies, which have been presented by UNWTO Member States as effective, sustainable practices in poverty reduction that deliver tangible results. The publication includes 26 case studies from 20 different  countries.

"Tourism, Microfinance and Poverty Alleviation" (2005)

The third volume of the series examines the close link between the potential for tourism to contribute to poverty alleviation and accessibility of financing sources. The publication provides recommendations on how small tourism enterprises, microbusiness and microfinance institutions can collaborate to stimulate tourism development that benefits the poor. It was published in 2005 in collaboration with Planet Finance.

Tourism and Poverty Alleviation Recommendations for Action 2004"Tourism and Poverty Alleviation: Recommendations for Action" (2004)

The second volume was launched in 2004 and is based on a detailed analysis of tourism policies and frameworks and outlines a series of practical approaches and guidelines to be applied by tourism practitioners, that would seek to integrate a greater number of the poor in tourism operations and ensure that the benefits of tourism are delivered directly and indirectly to the poor. The study proposes a framework of seven key mechanisms for the effective delivery of socio-economic benefits to the poor.

"Tourism and Poverty Alleviation" (2002)

This is the first volume in the series on tourism and poverty alleviation. It was launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002. It gives an empirical analysis of the interrelationship between tourism and economic development including factors such as enhancing the economic benefits of tourism; improving access to the tourism sector for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs); and intensifying the local impacts of tourism for the poor.         


These reports have been widely ‎‎disseminated among public and private organisations in the tourism sector, and can be ordered ‎via the UNWTO e-library.